Tiamat: Via – Enuma Elish personification of the sea, appearing as a huge dragon of chaos
With Apsu (the watery-deep below) She gave birth to the first of the gods
Her great-grandson the god Marduk defeated her, cut her in half & used the pieces to make the earth & the sky
Within the Sumero-Babylonian story of Creation and from the Enuma Elish which is an epic poem describing the beginnings of the cosmos, the birth of the gods, the rise to dominance of the god Marduk, and the creation of humanity. The struggle between Marduk, the god of light and order, with Tiamat, the dragon of darkness, chaos, and evil, occupied a prominent place in the Epic of the Creation.
Tiamat is the personified force of chaos that was split in two to form the heavens and earth. She is often depicted as either as a serpent or a dragon. She is also the personification of the primordial waters from which all life was formed.
The legendary story of tells of Tiamat’s being wed to Apsu meaning “far waters” or aka the “watery deep below” and giving birth to the original deities. Their children were unruly and mischeveous which bothered Tiamat greatly. Apsu, tried to convince her to kill them with his help to create the heavens and earth. However she didn’t want to do that until Apsu was dead
The younger deities learned of their parents plan, and a great battle begin in which Apsu was murdered by his son, Ea the “god of water.” Ea was unable to beat Tiamat. So he got help from his son Marduk who battled Tiamat.
In the battle, Tiamat opened her mouth to swallow Marduk as he approached her but he threw a storm into her mouth and then killed her by shooting an arrow into her belly. Marduk cut up Tiamat’s body into pieces to create the heavens and earth making Marduk the “King of the Gods” in Babylonian legends.
Babylonian sailors, thought of the seas as dividing the sky and the earth at the horizon. This could point to its origins within mythology.
So then, the hunt for the horizon begins…